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Older Children


Ease Of Training

Breed Popularity

Breed Health




Other Dogs

Shedding Amount

 Younger Children


Active Lifestyle


Apartment Living

Cats Or Small Pets

How many registrations per year that are made for this breed. Generally breeds are popular for a reason and high popularity breeds are often a great place to start your search.

How willing and able this breed is to protect you, your family and your  home , how territorial they are and how dominant they can be. This is not necessarily  a sign of how aggressive the breed is.

Not to be confused with protection/guarding this is how alert , how vocal and how trusting your dog is. Even tiny dogs can make great watchdogs.

Being able to physically manage your dog is a vital consideration, dogs are much stronger than humans pound for pound.

 Breed Stats At A Glance:  1-5 Scale 5 is most or best 1 is least or worst

Nearly all dogs are trainable, some breeds  however are inherently more stubborn, wilful, lazy or less intelligent than others. Stubborn and stupid is a bad combo, Clever and eager is a good combo!

A variable combination of trainability, inherent temperament, dominance or natural aggression make some breeds less suitable for the novice owner  than others.

Older children are much more able to understand how to treat their dog appropriately. Parents must guage the maturity of their own children before choosing a dog.

Very young children are liable to annoy or provoke a dog and can injure smaller ones through rough play. They can themselves be knocked down or accidentally hurt by a larger or over enthusiastic dog.

A combination of how naturally active this breed is and how much daily exercise they will need. Under stimulated dogs can develop unwanted problem behaviours such as excessive barking, chewing and digging.

Some breeds happily live in apartments as long as they get enough daily exercise. Some however need big yards and lots of space. Some breeds bark a lot  so think of your neighbours!

Some breeds love nothing more than snuggling up on the couch with you whilst others are much more aloof.

Playfulness represents how eager, willing and exuberant your furry pal will be when it comes to getting down and joining in the fun.

Representing yearly averages as some breeds only shed seasonally, some shed throughout the year, and some hardly shed or dont shed at all.

How much upkeep you will need to do to keep your dog looking their best and being healthy, grooming, brushing, cleaning and  bathing etc.

All dogs can suffer health problems. Some breeds however, either through over breeding or inbreeding are more prone to serious congenital disorders than others.

How well does this breed naturally get on with other dogs? Proper socialization will mitigate most  intolerance. Intact  males generally are more problematic with other intact  males

Some breeds have naturally higher prey drives than others, however nearly all dogs can live with small animals providing they are introduced young enough and are well socialized.

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Novice Owners

Papillon Personality: Don't get a Papillon if you want a lazy little lap dog because these little guys are spirited, intelligent and just about ready for anything.

They love to run around, play and chase balls and as long as you appreciate their intelligence and give them plenty to do then there is a good chance that you and your Papillon will be a match made in heaven..

If you make the mistake and expect your Papillon to lie around all day gazing adoringly at you or leave them to their own devices, then you are going to find yourself wondering just how such a tiny dog can cause so much mayhem and noise, as they vent out their energy and frustration on just about anything they can get their teeth or claws into.  

Papillons are so people centric that they they can easily develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time which can manifest in excessive barking, or destructive behaviour.

This isn’t to say that Papillons don’t like quiet time and a cuddle on your lap, or that you need to spend all your waking hours planning activity schedules to keep them amused. They are happy to take time out and soak up the love and attention coming their way, it’s just that you need to tire them out first and keep them from getting bored. If you can manage this then you will be rewarded with an especially trainable, well behaved and incredibly affectionate pet dog

Because of their willingness to please the Papillon’s personality means they make a good first dog for inexperienced owners

Description: A member of the Toy Group, the Papillon is a miniature, fine-boned spaniel with an amiable, alert and intelligent demeanour. Their ears are described as butterfly-like, and the name  “Papillon” is French for butterfly. These distinctive ears are either erect or drooping. The droopy- Papillons are known as Phalene, and in Europe these dogs are considered a separate breed entirely.

Grooming: Despite the appearance of their  fine long coat, Papillons are a fairly low maintenance breed only needing to be brushed a couple of times a week as their coat is not prone to matting.  

The Papillon derives its heritage from dwarf spaniels that were immensely  popular amongst the European nobility  from the 16th  Century onwards. In particular, in Spain and Italy which became the centres of dwarf spaniel breeding and trading.  Louis XIV of France was particularly fond of Papillons and had them imported in large numbers. These early dogs had drooping ears, but eventually erect ears could also be found in the same litter. The name Papillon is French for butterfly, because the face with erect ears gives the impression of one, the drop eared version is known as The Phalene which is French for moth and is becoming increasingly uncommon. Papillons arrived in America circa 1910, and were fully accepted into the Toy group in the 1930’s.

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Papillons  Are Obedient, Lively, Alert, Biddable And Friendly  

Papillon Personality And Dog Breed Information

Papillon Information and Breed notes  


Comparable Breeds





Do You Have A Papillon? We would love love to hear your story, why not upload a picture and share your experiences, tell us why they are your favourite breed. Do You Have A Related Question? - Just ask and we will be happy to help .


 The American Kennel Club and Others

Children: due to their small size and delicate structure , Papillons are not suitable for smaller or rowdy children. Check out some of these breeds that are good with kids

Exercise: Though small, they are very active, and whilst happy to busy themselves in the home they do need regular scheduled exercise sessions to keep those energy levels in check.

Training: Papillons are very bright dogs whose eagerness to please you means they take to training very easily and will often learn new commands in one session.

The occasional Papillon can be a touch more unruly in training, but even then there is nothing like the offer of a tasty treat to bring them around to your way of thinking. Papillons make great candidates for more advanced  training and excel in a competitive agility/obedience  environment.

As with many small dogs however,  Papillons can be difficult to house train, and despite their high intelligence sometimes simply don’t get the reason why you want them to go to the toilet outside and not on your favourite Oriental carpet.  Be patient , and don’t get angry or punish them as this will only set them back. You must instead be consistent in training and provide them with plenty of opportunities to potty outside, giving them lots of praise when they do.

Papillons are a particularly vocal breed so special care must be taken in training to curb this side of their personality, lest you be driven nuts by constant yapping.

Health: Generally healthy but ask about Patella luxation, Progressive Retinal  Atrophy, congenital deafness, heart defects and epilepsy

For more information, why not visit this breeds national club or learn more about different  types of small dog breeds.As always if you like this breed, please do the research  and ensure that you are choosing the right dog for your own lifestyle.